Anesthesia consists of the suffix AN (negative) and the word ESTHESI (sensation, feeling) and means insensitivity and numbness. Anesthesia, also known as narcosis among the people, is administered by the Anesthesiology and Reanimation Specialist Doctor. It is the whole of medical practices that ensure that the patient does not feel pain during the operation and does not remember this process, including before and after the operation.
It can be applied as general, regional (regional) or local anesthesia.
Anesthesiologist and Reanimation Specialist: He or she is a medical doctor who has completed at least 4 years of specialization training after graduating from medical school, winning this department in TUS (Medical Specialization Examination).
The American Board of Anesthesiology has determined the working areas of the anesthesiologist as follows:
Although the anesthesiologist is considered among the specialists in surgical sciences due to the interventional procedures he performs with his knowledge and skills, he is also seen as the “internal medicine doctor” in the operating room, as he has a full command of the patient’s physiology and ensures that the hemodynamics is stable.
As you can see, your life is entrusted to the anesthetists during the operation.
Anesthesia has a history of about 150 years. Initially, application devices consisting of a bottle full of anesthetic agent and a gas buffer; It has gradually evolved into today’s advanced anesthesia devices that deliver gas and anesthetic substances in measured amounts, precisely, and provide artificial respiration and monitoring.
Types of Anesthesia:
General Anesthesia: General anesthesia, which aims to desensitize the body to painful stimuli, must be of sufficient depth. In general anesthesia, the patient’s consciousness is completely closed.
General anesthesia is divided into two according to the route of administration of the general anesthetics used:
Regional Anesthesia: It is the numbing of a certain part of the body (arm, leg, etc.) by administering local anesthetic drugs through special needles. Spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, RIVA, nerve blocks
Local Anesthesia: It is the numbing of the area where the minor surgical intervention is performed.
The anesthesiologist determines the anesthesia method according to the patient’s age, existing comorbidities and the type of surgery to be performed.